Phosphorylated chitosan (P-chitosan) was synthesized by means of graft copolymerization technique. The conjugate membranes were prepared from oxidised starch and Pchitosan using reductive alkylation crosslinking. The synthesized membranes were characterised by FT-IR. In order to characterize degradation behaviour of this conjugated system, the membranes were incubated in enzyme solutions of alpha-amylase and lysozyme as well as a physiological saline solution (PBS) used as control solution. In PBS, low starch containing membranes (0.16-0.38 weight (starch)/weight (P-chitosan), (ws/wc)) and control membranes have not showed significant change in their weight during two months of incubation. High starch containing membranes (0.73-1.04 ws/wc) indicated less than 20 % weight loss after this period. After $\alpha$-amylase incubation, a distinct degradation behaviour was observed from starch-P-chitosan membranes. The degradation of the conjugate membranes was found to be fast with increasing starch content. Weight losses between 20 to 55 % were detected for the lowest (0.16 ws/wc) starch and highest (1.04 ws/wc) starch containing membranes, respectively. In the lysozyme degradation study, the conjugate membranes were not degraded by enzymatic activity and the weights of membranes were seen to be increased about 20 % because of swelling. The control membranes showed gradual weight loss in enzyme solutions. These results indicated the lysozyme degradation of starch-free P-chitosan membranes and inhibition of degradation P-chitosan by highly conjugated starch molecules.
E. Turker Baran, Dr. Jayakumar Rangasamy, Mano, J. F., and Reis, R. L., “Enzymatic Degradation Behaviour of Starch Conjugated Phosphorylated Chitosan”, in Advanced Materials Forum III, 2006.