Objective: The objective of this research was to determine the prevalence of severe sepsis and septic shock and evaluate its outcome.Methods: This was a prospective, observational study, in which adult patients with severe sepsis or septic shock were included. Relevant information was collected from medical records and the hospital information system.Results: A total of 250 patients [mean age 57.2 y (range: 18 to 98 y)] was studied. The majority of the patients suffered from severe sepsis (81.2%). Most of the episodes occurred in males (75.2%). Major comorbidities included diabetes mellitus (51.2%), hypertension (44.8%) and chronic liver disease (30.4%). One hundred and seventy-eight patients (147 patients with severe sepsis and 31 patients with septic shock) had a positive culture with urine being the main site of infection. One hundred and two patients (40.8%) had a monomicrobial infection while seventy-six (30.4%) patients had a polymicrobial infection. Within the monomicrobial infections, the gram negative organisms predominated (54%). The mean hospital stay for patients with severe sepsis was 11.5 d. Mortality was noted in 79 patients (40 patients with septic shock and 39 patients with severe sepsis).Conclusion: The main causative pathogens were gram negative bacteria. Admissions meeting septic shock criteria have a high mortality rate. Hence, it is imperative to identify patients who are at high risk and treat them promptly to reduce serious consequences.
Merin Babu, Menon, V. P., and Dr. Umadevi P., “Epidemiology and outcome among severe sepsis and septic shock patients in a South Indian tertiary care hospital”, International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 9, p. 256, 2017.