Estimation of quality of life in haemodialysis patients
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 74, Number 6, p.583-587 (2012)
Keywords:adult, article, chronic kidney failure, clinical assessment, controlled study, demography, diabetes mellitus, environmental factor, female, groups by age, hemodialysis, hemodialysis patient, human, hypertension, kidney failure, lifestyle modification, major clinical study, male, patient compliance, patient counseling, patient selection, pharmacist, physical activity, prevalence, psychological aspect, quality of life, questionnaire, rating scale, social aspect, social status, therapy effect, treatment duration, treatment outcome, World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale
Since haemodialysis is an expensive treatment modality for chronic renal failure patients, it is very essential to assess the outcome of therapy in terms of quality of life. The primary objective of the study was to estimate the effect of patient counselling in quality of life of end stage renal disease patients opting haemodialysis using World Health Organisation Quality of life scale and to assess the variables affecting the quality of life of these patients. Quality of life was determined by World Health Organisation Quality of life scale questionnaire comprised of 26 items which measures four domains: physical, psychological, social and environmental domain. A total of 81 patients were selected and divided into test and control group and the test group patients received counselling regarding their disease, use of medications, importance of adherence and the complications experienced during and after dialysis. The quality of life data was collected at the interval of 1, 2, 3, 6 and 12 months and the patients were counselled at each interval. The demographic profiles revealed that majority of the patients were in the age group of 31-50 and there exists a male predominance. About the socioeconomic status, upper middle class people were mostly affected. Assessment of impact of patient counselling in the quality of life of haemodialysis indicated a significant improvement in each domain after counselling. And also found that the psychological domain showed a significant increase in the score compared to others. Patient counselling helped to gain benefits in terms of improvement in quality of life and delayed progression of renal failure. Early recognition and prevention is necessary to improve the quality of life of chronic renal failure patients. Patient counselling should be made mandatory by incorporating clinical pharmacist in the nephrology team to make the patient understand his illness and modifications in lifestyle also create a positive environment and result in better quality of life.
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