Publication Type:

Journal Article


Natural Hazards, Volume 49, Number 2, p.165-186 (2009)



coastal zone, estimation method, nearshore dynamics, numerical method, ocean wave, Significant wave height, wave modeling


We used field and model wave data to investigate that zero crossing and average wave period distribution follow Gamma distribution. Since Gamma CDF is an infinite power series, further mathematical treatment is difficult. Hence its shape parameter is approximated to the nearest integer to arrive at Erlang distribution. An expression is derived from Erlang distribution to estimate various mean wave periods and significant wave period and validated by relative root mean square (RRMS) error criteria. It is shown by mathematical logic that the significant wave period distribution follows Erlang (or Gamma) distribution and is validated. The average of one-third and one-tenth highest wave periods (Ts) estimated from Erlang distribution are in accordance with the values computed from recorded buoy and numerical coastal wave model wave period data. The predicted Ts values from coastal wave model wave period data underestimates the values from buoy wave period data. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008.


cited By (since 1996)3

Cite this Research Publication

Ga Muraleedharan, Sinha, Ma, Rao, A. Da, Nair, N. Ub, and Kurup, P. Gc, “Estimation of wave period statistics using numerical coastal wave model”, Natural Hazards, vol. 49, pp. 165-186, 2009.