<p>Implant-supported dental prosthesis in patients with edentulism or those with reconstructed bone have long survival rate, but the success depends largely on the quality and quantity of the available bone at the recipient site. The usage of autograft is the gold standard treatment for vertical bone augmentation, but it has many limitations. In this study, we have developed a nanocomposite fibrous scaffold [silica coated nanoHA-gelatin reinforced with electrospun poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) nanoyarns] and evaluated its efficacy to promote osseointegration in rabbit mandibular defect in comparison to the scaffold without fibers and commercial nanoHA-collagen graft. For this, critical sized bilateral defect (10 mm length, 3 mm depth and 3 mm width) was created in rabbit mandible and dental implantation was done in two manners. In strategy 1, Ti dental implant was placed along with the scaffold and in strategy 2, the scaffold was implanted for 3 months to facilitate new bone formation followed by Ti dental implantation. In strategy 2, the fibrous scaffold could promote new bone formation and osseointegration in rabbit mandibular defect when compared to the scaffolds without fibers and commercial graft, but strategy 1 was not successful. These findings demonstrated that nanocomposite fibrous scaffold is a promising biomaterial to promote new bone formation and osseointegration in mandibular defect. © 2019</p>
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Manju V., Iyer, S., Menon, D., Shantikumar V Nair, and Dr. Manitha B. Nair, “Evaluation of Osseointegration of Staged or Simultaneously Placed Dental Implants with Nanocomposite Fibrous Scaffolds in Rabbit Mandibular Defect”, Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 104, 2019.