A powered wheel chair is a mobility-aided device for persons with moderate/severe physical disabilities or chronic diseases as well as the
elderly. In order to take care for different disabilities, various kinds of interfaces have been developed for powered wheelchair control; such as joystick
control, head control and sip-puff control. Many people with disabilities do not have the ability to control powered wheel chair using the above mentioned
interfaces. The proposed model is a possible alternative. In this paper, we use the optical-type eye tracking system to control powered wheel chair.
User‘s eye movement are translated to screen position using the optical type eye tracking system. When user looks at appropriate angle, then computer
input system will send command to the software based on the angle of rotation of pupil i.e., when user moves his eyes balls up (move forward), left
(move left), right (move right) in all other cases wheel chair will stop. Once the image has been processed it moves onto the second part, our
microprocessor. The microprocessor will take a USB output from the laptop and convert the signal into signals that will be sent to the wheelchair wheels
for movement. Also, the pressure and object detection sensors will be connected to our microprocessor to provide necessary feedback for proper
operation of the wheelchair system. The final part of the project is the wheelchair itself. The rear wheels will provide forward. The front two wheels will be
used for steering left and right. All four wheels will be connected to our microprocessor that will send signals to control the wheels and thus the overall
G. Gautam, Sumanth, G., Karthikeyan, K. C., Sundar, S., and Dr. Venkataraman D., “Eye movement based electronic wheel chair for physically challenged persons”, International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, vol. 3, 2014.