Abstract Protected areas like Reserve Forest, Sanctuaries and National Parks have been
created for ecological services that accrue from these forests. However, presence of multiple
stakeholders with conflicting interest makes functioning of such Protected Areas a complex
system thereby giving rise to different viewpoints based on stakeholder interest. In this
review paper, we attempt to understand the Protected Area debate from different stakeholder
standpoints and on the basis of a review of literature that more specifically pertains to the
Dr. Amalendu Jyotishi and Sivramkrishna, S., “The Forest and the Trees: Delineating the Protected Area Debate in India”, The Forest and the Trees: Delineating the Protected Area Debate in India, 2011.