<p><b>BACKGROUND: </b>Brain abscess is a significant cause of morbidity in patients with uncorrected or partially palliated congenital cyanotic heart disease (CCHD). Unfortunately, in the developing world, the majority of patients with CCHD remain either uncorrected or only partially palliated. Furthermore, a risk of this feared complication also exists even among those undergoing staged corrective operations in the interval in between operations. There have been no recent articles in the literature on the outcomes of surgical management of cardiogenic brain abscess in children. In this study, we aimed to describe the clinical and demographic profile of patients with cardiogenic cerebral abscess and to highlight the fact that uncorrected or palliated CCHD continue to be at risk for brain abscess.</p><p><b>METHODS: </b>This study was a retrospective analysis of 26 children (age <19 years) being managed for CCHD who were diagnosed with cerebral abscess managed surgically (26 of 39 of cases cerebral abscess in children), at Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi, India between December 2000 and January 2014. Data collected retrospectively included demographic information, modes of presentation, diagnosis, location of abscess, details of the underlying heart disease, management of the cerebral abscess, and outcomes of management.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>The patient cohort comprised 26 patients (16 males and 10 females), with a mean age of 7.19 years (range, 1.5-19 years). Ten of the 26 patients (38%) required reaspiration after the initial surgery. On follow-up, all the patients had improved symptomatically and demonstrated no signs of cerebral abscess.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS: </b>Cardiogenic origin of cerebral abscess is the most common cause of cerebral abscess in children. Unresolved CCHD is a risk factor for the occurrence, persistence, and recurrence of cerebral abscess.</p>
S. Udayakumaran, Onyia, C. U., and R Kumar, K., “Forgotten? Not Yet. Cardiogenic Brain Abscess in Children: A Case Series-Based Review.”, World Neurosurg, vol. 107, pp. 124-129, 2017.