Publication Type:

Journal Article


Project of History of Indian Science, Philosophy and Culture (PHISPC) (2006)


This article is about two competing paradigms to explain the nature of our physical world. The prevalent paradigm is 'Randomness', which is intrinsic in Quantum Mechanics (QM) and regarded as essential to our universe, an attribute that led to the famous remark by Einstein–“God does not play dice”. While Einstein's comment is regarded by many physicists as indicating an inability of a highly respected scientist to cope with newer developments of physics, the emerging paradigm of 'Chaos' has given credence to Einstein's skepticism.

Cite this Research Publication

P. G. Vaidya and Nagaraj, N., “Foundational issues of Chaos and Randomness:" God or Devil, do we have a Choice?"”, 2006.