In the case of developing economies, the global warming crisis due to changing climate and its economic consequences presume vital importance in the process of realizing sustainable development. It has been concluded in the Natural Resources Defense Council report that, the global warming may increase the risk of floods, so an efficient and conservative water use will be of paramount importance for future water supply. The functioning of water control institutions in managing natural resource management is being increasingly acknowledged in the perspective of Global
Environmental Change (GEC). The main motivation of this paper is to discuss the water management challenges that can handle the threats or stresses like GEC, climate changes, natural disasters like flood, drought or even an extreme climatic event like cyclone. The current paper focuses on the broad area of water management issues such as the major river system of India, condition of ground water resources, the current water utilization, water losses, water under stress, water pollution and increased population & its impact on the problem of scarcity of water. It also focuses on the current water policy, water rights and act, Interstate Water Dispute Act etc. An attempt has been made to illustrate the environmental interface between water and climate. The paper assumed an interdisciplinary approach combining knowledge from environmental sciences with social sciences.
S. Maitra and Dr. Sushanta Kumar Mahapatra, “Global Warming and the Characteristics of Land and Water under Changing Climatic Conditions in India: A Critical Review”, in Second India Disaster Management Congress, National Institute of Disaster Management, Delhi, 2009.