In an earlier study we demonstrated that epidermal growth factor (EGF) increases the cellular accumulation of cAMP in perfused rat hearts by stimulating the cardiac adenylate cyclase via a stimulatory GTP-binding protein (Nair, B. G., Rashed, H. M., and Patel, T. B. (1989) Biochem. J. 264, 563-571). Employing antiserum, CS1, generated against a synthetic decapeptide RMHLRQYELL representing the carboxyl terminus of Gs alpha, the involvement of Gs in mediating the effects of EGF on cardiac adenylate cyclase was further investigated. The CS1 antiserum specifically recognized two forms, (52 and 40 kDa) of Gs alpha in rat cardiac membranes; the 52 kDa being the predominant species. In functional assays of adenylate cyclase activity, the CS1 antiserum did not alter either aluminum fluoride- or forskolin-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity. Similarly, basal adenylate cyclase activity in the absence of guanyl-5'-yl imidodiphosphate (Gpp(NH)p) was also not altered by the CS1 antiserum. However, as compared with controls performed in the presence of non-immune serum, preincubation of cardiac membranes with the CS1 antiserum resulted in a concentration-dependent inhibition of Gpp(NH)p-, isoproterenol-, and EGF-stimulated activities. In experiments which monitored Gi function as the ability of different G(pp)NHp, (-)N6-(R-phenylisopropyl)adenosine and carbachol to inhibit forskolin-stimulated adenylate cyclase, CS1 antiserum by inhibiting Gs, increased the apparent activity of Gi. Overall, our data demonstrate that the CS1 antiserum can specifically inhibit Gs function and therefore the stimulation of adenylate cyclase by agonists whose actions are mediated by Gs. In this respect, the data presented here demonstrate that Gs is the G-protein involved in mediating EGF-elicited stimulation of cardiac adenylate cyclase. Additionally, the finding that CS1 antiserum can overcome the effects of Gpp(NH)p on Gs, but not Gi, suggests that the carboxyl-terminal region of Gs alpha is important in the interactions with GTP or its analogs.
Dr. Bipin G. Nair, Parikh, B., Milligan, G., and Patel, T. B., “Gs alpha mediates epidermal growth factor-elicited stimulation of rat cardiac adenylate cyclase.”, Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 265, pp. 21317–21322, 1990.