<p>Natural resource management perceived as a search for institutionsthat can ensure simultaneous fulfilment of three goals: productivity (or efficiency), sustainability and equity. In this article, we study the implicationsof pursuing the goal of equity in the management of surface water resources for irrigation with a heuristic model incorporating a Leontief-type fixed productionfunction. The analysis has been carried out in the backdrop of the Balirajawater distribution experiment in India. One suggestion is that the allocatingtradable water rights over water, a common property natural resource, can beused as an instrument to improve equity. Unfortunately, advocating the use of water distribution as an instrument of poverty alleviation is fraught withimplicit assumptions about the rural economy and uncertain outcomes. It isimportant for planners to understand that the concepts of equity and equalityare applicable to inputs and outputs or outcomes. We attempt to understand theimplications of equality in water distribution on social welfare with a simpleheuristic analysis. Theoretical analysis shows the possible outcomes of such a policy and also intended to raise pertinent questions and hypotheses in studyingthe effectiveness of irrigation and watershed initiatives where rights over water have been redistributed equally.</p>
S. Sivramkrishna and Dr. Amalendu Jyotishi, “A heuristic analysis of equity and equality in the institutionalisation of property rights: the Baliraja water distribution experiment, India”, International journal of agricultural resources, governance and ecology, no. 8, 2009.