<p>Fiber Reinforced Composites find increasing applications in the areas of Aerospace, Military Armours, Bullet-proof vests, etc. As the composites are composed of two different constituents, there arises a need to determine the effective properties of the homogenous composites. Experimental determination of the effective properties is very expensive considering the amount of experiments that are required to be conducted, the time and cost to be incurred for each experiment, and the permutations and combinations of the optimal fiber volume fraction. The effective properties are essential for modeling of composites with reference to real-time applications. The micro-mechanics approach reduces most of the above mentioned complexities and helps in accurately evaluating the effective properties. In the presented paper, the properties like Young's Modulus, Poisson Ratio, and Shear modulus of a healthy (defect free) composite is obtained by modeling a Representative Volume Element (RVE) using the commercial Finite Element Analysis (FEA) solver – Abaqus, with application of Periodic Boundary Conditions (PBC). The presented research focuses on Fiber-Reinforced Metal-Matrix composites like AA2024-Al2O3 and the Ceramic-Matrix composites like ZrB2-SiC. In general, defects in composites arise during the manufacturing process. Matrix Crack, Interfacial De-bonding and Fiber Crack are the major defects which degrade the mechanical properties of composites. This paper presents the modeling of Interfacial de-bonding using the Cohesive-Zone Modelling (CZM) technique for every 90° variation in the fiber-matrix interface and the subsequent evaluation of the corresponding homogenous properties. Matrix Crack is modelled as a matrix defect with a 'V' notch for varying a/w ratios. For every variation in matrix crack, the corresponding properties are estimated. Numerical evaluation of the individual effects of interfacial de-bonding and fully grown matrix cracks are followed by the modelling of the coupled effects.</p>
Dr. Ajith Ramesh and S., S., “Homogenization of Mechanical Properties of Unidirectional Fibre Reinforced Composites with Matrix and Interface Defects: A Finite Element Approach”, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, International Conference on Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, vol. 1355, 2019.