<p>High inspired oxygen concentration (FiO2 > 0.85) is administered to test pulmonary vascular reactivity in children with pulmonary hypertension (PH). It is difficult to measure oxygen consumption (VO2) if the subject is breathing a hyperoxic gas mixture so the assumption is made that baseline VO2 does not change. We hypothesized that hyperoxia changes VO2. We sought to compare the VO2 measured by a thermodilution catheter in room air and hyperoxia. A retrospective review of the hemodynamic data obtained in children with PH who underwent cardiac catheterization was conducted between 2009 and 2014. Cardiac index (CI) was measured by a thermodilution catheter in room air and hyperoxia. VO2 was calculated using the equation CI = VO2/arterial-venous oxygen content difference. Data were available in 24 subjects (males = 10), with median age 8.3 years (0.8-17.6 years), weight 23.3 kg (7.5-95 kg), and body surface area 0.9 m(2) (0.4-2.0 m(2)). In hyperoxia compared with room air, we measured decreased VO2 (154 ± 38 to 136 ± 34 ml/min/m(2), p = 0.007), heart rate (91 [Formula: see text] 20 to 83 [Formula: see text] 21 beats/minute, p=0.005), mean pulmonary artery pressure (41 [Formula: see text] 16 to 35 [Formula: see text] 14 mmHg, p=0.024), CI (3.6 [Formula: see text] 0.8 to 3.3 [Formula: see text] 0.9 L/min/m(2), p = 0.03), pulmonary vascular resistance (9 [Formula: see text] 6 to 7 [Formula: see text] 3 WU m(2), p = 0.029), increased mean aortic (61 [Formula: see text] 11 to 67 [Formula: see text] 11 mmHg, p = 0.005), pulmonary artery wedge pressures (11 [Formula: see text] 8 to 13 [Formula: see text] 9 mmHg, p = 0.006), and systemic vascular resistance (12 [Formula: see text] 6 to 20 [Formula: see text] 7 WU m(2), p=0.001). Hyperoxia decreased VO2 and CI and caused pulmonary vasodilation and systemic vasoconstriction in children with PH. The assumption that VO2 remains unchanged in hyperoxia may be incorrect and, if the Fick equation is used, may lead to an overestimation of pulmonary blood flow and underestimation of PVRI.</p>
L. Guo, Bobhate, P., Kumar, S., Vadlamudi, K., Kaddoura, T., Elgendi, M., Holinski, P., Coe, J. Y., Rutledge, J., and Adatia, I., “Hyperoxia Reduces Oxygen Consumption in Children with Pulmonary Hypertension.”, Pediatr Cardiol, 2017.