<p>Background and Aims: Quality improvement (QI) is the sum of all activities that create desired changes in the quality. An effective QI system results in a stepwise increase in quality of care. The efficiency of any health-care unit is judged by its quality indicators. We aimed to evaluate the impact of QI initiatives on outcomes in a surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Methods: This was an observational study carried out using a compliance checklist, developed from the combination of the World Health Organization surgery checklist and Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America guidelines for the prevention of infections. A total of 170 patients were prospectively evaluated for adherence to the checklist and occurrence of infections. This was compared with a random retrospective analysis of 170 patients who had undergone similar surgeries in the previous 3 months. Results: Introduction and supervised documentation of comprehensive checklist brought out significant improvement in the documentation of quality indicators (98% vs. 32%) in the prospective samples. There was no difference in mortality, health-care-related infection rates or length of ICU stay. Conclusion: The introduction of comprehensive surgical checklist improved documentation of parameters for quality control but did not decrease the rates of infection in comparison to the control sample. © 2017 Indian Journal of Anaesthesia.</p>
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La Kumar, Dominic, Mb, Rajan, Sa, and Dr. Sanjeev K. Singh, “Impact of modified quality control checklist on protocol adherence and outcomes in a post-surgical intensive care unit”, Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, vol. 61, pp. 29-35, 2017.