Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Journal of Power Sources, Volume 243, p.891 - 898 (2013)

URL:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378775313010872

Keywords:

Lithium ion battery

Abstract:

<p>Abstract Undoped and 2&nbsp;wt% vanadium (V5+) doped TiO2 samples are prepared in polyol medium by low-temperature solvothermal method. The as-prepared samples are annealed at 400&nbsp;°C for 5&nbsp;h in an air atmosphere to increase the crystallinity. The \{XRD\} pattern shows that pure anatase TiO2 is formed in both the doped and undoped samples. The maximum sizes of nanoparticles are found to be 300&nbsp;nm and 15&nbsp;nm with spherical shaped morphology for undoped TiO2 and V5+ doped TiO2 samples respectively. In addition, 2&nbsp;wt% V5+ doped sample exhibits excellent electrochemical performance with high reversible specific capacity and excellent rate capability compared to the undoped case. This improvement can be&nbsp;attributed to the substitution of the Ti4+ ions by V5+ ions in the TiO2 lattice and create more Ti4+ vacancies in the lattice. This action may lead to the generation of apparently more number of free holes in the doped p-type semiconductor. Therefore, the increased hole concentration in the valence band can contribute to the electrical conductivity of the doped sample. Vanadium doping also influences the sample crystallinity and reduces the particle size, which provides a larger active surface area than that of undoped TiO2.</p>

Cite this Research Publication

T. Anh Ly, Alok Kumar Rai, Trang, V. Thi, Jihyeon, G., Sungjin, K., Eui-Chol, S., Jong-Sook, L., and Jaekook, K., “Improving the electrochemical performance of anatase titanium dioxide by vanadium doping as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries”, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 243, pp. 891 - 898, 2013.