Forty-eight hours after partial (approximately 67%) hepatectomy the activity of the particulate guanylate cyclase was increased by 2-fold in the regenerating rat liver. This increase was not an artifact of membrane isolation procedures, and as determined by 125I-labeled Tyr-28 atrial natriuretic hormone-(1-28) ANF binding, was accompanied by a 2-fold increase in the number of ANF receptors. The Kd of the receptors in membranes of regenerating livers was not significantly different from the Kd of the receptors in livers of sham-operated rats. The linear synthetic descysteine analog of ANF, analog I, which binds only to the 66-kDa receptors, displaced approximately 40% of the specifically bound 125I-ANF in liver membranes from both hepatectomized and sham-operated (control) animals. Affinity cross-linking studies with 125I-ANF confirmed the increase in the 116-kDa ANF receptor in membranes of regenerating livers. In perfused livers derived from control and hepatectomized animals, the basal rates of cGMP production were not significantly different. However, atriopeptin II-stimulated cGMP production was twice as great in regenerating livers as compared with controls. These data demonstrate that the increase in particulate guanylate cyclase activity observed during liver regeneration is due to an increase in the 116-kDa ANF receptor-associated activity. Additionally, our data demonstrate that the regenerating rat liver may be a valuable model with which to study the role of the hepatic ANF receptor/particulate guanylate cyclase.
Dr. Bipin G. Nair, L Steinke, Y M Yu, H M Rashed, J M Seyer, and T B Patel, “Increase in the number of atrial natriuretic hormone receptors in regenerating rat liver.”, Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 266, pp. 567–573, 1991.