This paper reviews the recent environmental projections and attempts an analysis for India. The growth rates of labor force, labor productivity and trade are considered as primary drivers of economic growth contributing to environmental changes. The industrialization and agricultural development and the growth induced income inequalities and poverty could contribute to the increased emissions and loss of forests and bio-diversity. The review of environmental projections reveals that that the developing countries especially BRIC countries tilt the balance if they are not direct parties to the international agreements to deal with the global public goods problems. All countries gain by conserving global public goods but the distribution of cost of conservation could be regressive with the people in developing countries feel more burdened than those in developed countries. South Asian region, especially India has an important role to play in any international effort to deal with climate change problems and the conservation of forests and bio-diversity. The median term and the long-term predictions of environmental changes in South Asia by all the studies reviewed in this paper highlight the potential dangers of non-cooperation.
Maddipati Narsimha Murty, “India Environmental Outlook”, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2007.