Adenylate cyclase activity in isolated rat liver plasma membranes was inhibited by NADH in a concentration-dependent manner. Half-maximal inhibition of adenylate cyclase was observed at 120 microM concentration of NADH. The effect of NADH was specific since adenylate cyclase activity was not altered by NAD+, NADP+, NADPH, and nicotinic acid. The ability of NADH to inhibit adenylate cyclase was not altered when the enzyme was stimulated by activating the cyclase was not altered when the enzyme was stimulated by activating the Gs regulatory element with either glucagon or cholera toxin. Similarly, inhibition of Gi function by pertussis toxin treatment of membranes did not attenuate the ability of NADH to inhibit adenylate cyclase activity. Inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity to the same extent in the presence and absence of the Gpp (NH) p suggested that NADH directly affects the catalytic subunit. This notion was confirmed by the finding that NADH also inhibited solubilized adenylate cyclase in the absence of Gpp (NH)p. Kinetic analysis of the NADH-mediated inhibition suggested that NADH competes with ATP to inhibit adenylate cyclase; in the presence of NADH (1 mM) the Km for ATP was increased from 0.24 +/- 0.02 mM to 0.44 +/- 0.08 mM with no change in Vmax. This observation and the inability of high NADH concentrations to completely inhibit the enzyme suggest that NADH interacts at a site(s) on the enzyme to increase the Km for ATP by 2-fold and this inhibitory effect is overcome at high ATP concentrations.
Dr. Bipin G. Nair and Tarun B Patel, “Inhibition of hepatic adenylate cyclase by NADH”, Life sciences, vol. 49, pp. 915–923, 1991.