Inhibition of lipid peroxidation by botanical extracts of Ocimum sanctum: In vivo and in vitro studies
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Life Sciences, Volume 76, Number 1, p.21-28 (2004)
Keywords:alcohol, analysis of variance, animal cell, animal experiment, animal tissue, Animals, aorta, article, basil, cholesterol, controlled study, dose response, Dose-Response Relationship, drug, drug isolation, enzyme activity, erythrocyte, Erythrocytes, Ethanol, Free Radical Scavengers, hypercholesterolemia, in vivo study, India, lipid peroxidation, liver, male, medicinal plant, nonhuman, Ocimum, Ocimum basilicum, Ocimum sanctum extract, Ocimum tenuiflorum, Oryctolagus cuniculus, plant extract, Plant Extracts, rabbit, Rabbits, solvent, Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances, Water
Ocimum sanctum, the Indian holy basil, has significant ability to scavenge highly reactive free radicals. Shade dried leaf powder of the plant was extracted with water and alcohol, and then fractionated with different solvents. Both extracts and their fractions have in vitro anti-lipidperoxidative activity at very low concentrations. In vivo, hypercholesterolemia-induced erythrocyte lipid peroxidation was inhibited by aqueous extracts of Ocimum in a dose-dependent manner in male albino rabbits. Aqueous extract feeding also provided significant liver and aortic tissue protection from hypercholesterolemia-induced peroxidative damage. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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