The two-fold role of the Indian State as a development catalyst and as an interventionist has long been debated on the count of ease in policy formulation. On this backdrop the present paper addresses to the analysis of the role of the State as reflected from the nexus between the State policies, interest groups and consequent steps towards alleviation of poverty to provide social justice. It is pointed out that the role of state in India has changed substantially during the last five decades in perceiving poverty .The results show positive success during seventies till mid eighties and stagnation thereafter. The paper incorporates discussion on the differential policy impact in a federal context, on different provinces of the Indian federation and the differential changes in poverty across groups, specifically the rural and urban population and the weaker sections of the society. The paper highlights the experiences of the bypassed regions and groups and attempts to get to the reasons of the policy failures.
Dr. Amalendu Jyotishi, “Institutional pluralism: Case of swiddners in Orissa”, Institute for Social and Economic Change, 2001.