This investigation highlights the rationale of epoxy-novolac interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) adhesive bonding of low-pressure plasma treated polyether ether ketone (PEEK) to plasma nitrided titanium for aerospace application. Physico-chemical characterization of surface modified PEEK is carried out by surface energy measurement and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. Lap shear tensile tests are carried out to measure mechanical properties such as lap-shear tensile strength, Young's modulus, percentage elongation at break (% EB) and toughness of the adhesive bonded PEEK to titanium joint. XPS analysis reveals the presence of the oxygen (O) functional group into the plasma treated PEEK surface. This polar functional group O increases the surface energy on the plasma treated PEEK surface, and consequently, the adhesive bond strength is enhanced. The values of Young's modulus, % EB and toughness of epoxy-novolac IPN adhesive bonded plasma treated PEEK to plasma nitrided titanium are increased considerably in respect to epoxy-novolac IPN adhesive bonded untreated PEEK to untreated titanium joint. Therefore, the present investigation concludes that the adhesive bond strength not only depends on the surface characteristics of PEEK and titanium, but also on the cohesive properties of the adhesive. ©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston 2018.
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S. Ahmed and Shantanu Bhowmik, “Interpenetrating polymer network adhesive bonding of PEEK to titanium for aerospace application”, Journal of Polymer Engineering, 2018.