This research work articulated the effect of SiO2 flux assisted tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding on the microstructure and mechanical properties of marine grade stainless steel weldments, such as super-duplex stainless steel (UNS S32750) and austenitic stainless steel (AISI 316L). The studies showed that the use of flux decreased the heat input required to obtain complete penetration. Microstructure studies revealed the presence of ferrite at the heat affected zone of AISI 316L and the fusion zone which obviated the hot cracking tendency. Tensile studies corroborated that the joint strength was sufficiently greater than that of the parent metals. Impact toughness slightly impoverished owing to the presence of large platelets of Widmanstätten austenite in the fusion zone. The study also explored the structure–property relationships of the flux assisted weldments using the combined techniques of optical and scanning electron microscopy analysis. Owing to the better metallurgical and mechanical properties, this study recommends the use of SiO2 flux for joining the dissimilar metals involving austenitic and super-duplex stainless steels.
D. K Ramkumar, Bajpai, A., Raghuvanshi, S., Singh, A., Chandrasekhar, A., Arivarasu, M., and Arivazhagan, N., “Investigations on structure–property relationships of activated flux TIG weldments of super-duplex/austenitic stainless steels”, Materials Science and Engineering: A, vol. 638, pp. 60–68, 2015.