We report a combined experimental and theoretical study of the spin S=12 nano magnet Cu5(OH)2(NIPA)4⋅10H2O (Cu5-NIPA). Using thermodynamic, electron spin resonance, and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance measurements on one hand, and ab initio density-functional band-structure calculations, exact diagonalizations, and a strong-coupling theory on the other, we derive a microscopic magnetic model of Cu5-NIPA and characterize the spin dynamics of this system. The elementary fivefold Cu2+ unit features an hourglass structure of two corner-sharing scalene triangles related by inversion symmetry. Our microscopic Heisenberg model comprises one ferromagnetic and two antiferromagnetic exchange couplings in each triangle, stabilizing a single spin S=12 doublet ground state (GS), with an exactly vanishing zero-field splitting (by Kramers' theorem), and a very large excitation gap of Δ≃68 K. Thus, Cu5-NIPA is a good candidate for achieving long electronic spin relaxation (T1) and coherence (T2) times at low temperatures, in analogy to other nanomagnets with low-spin GS's. Of particular interest is the strongly inhomogeneous distribution of the GS magnetic moment over the five Cu2+ spins. This is a purely quantum-mechanical effect since, despite the non frustrated nature of the magnetic couplings, the GS is far from the classical collinear ferrimagnetic configuration. Finally, Cu5-NIPA is a rare example of a S=12 nano magnet showing an enhancement in the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/T1 at intermediate temperatures.
R. Nath, A A Tsirlin, P Khuntia, O Janson, T Forster, Prof. M. Padmanabhan, J Li, Yu Skourski, M Baenitz, H Rosner, and I. Rousochatzakis, “Magnetization and spin dynamics of the spin S=1/2 hourglass nanomagnet Cu 5 (OH) 2 (NIPA) 4 10H 2 O”, Physical Review B, vol. 87, p. 214417/115, 2013.