Publication Type:

Journal Article


Journal of Vinyl and Additive Technology, Volume 25, Number s2, p.E94-E107 (2019)



The present work was aimed to investigate the individual and hybrid reinforcement effect of multiscale fillers [glass fibers (GF)/multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)] in polypropylene (PP) matrix. The MWCNT content in the hybrid composites was varied from 0.5 to 5 wt%, and glass fiber fraction was fixed as 20 wt%. The morphology of nano and hybrid composite revealed reasonable dispersion of MWCNTs and glass fibers in the matrix. At a MWCNT content of 3 wt%, the optimum tensile properties for the hybrid composites were achieved and beyond which it declined due to agglomeration effects as revealed by transmission electron microscopy. A comparative study of the experimental and predicted values of moduli of nano, micro, and hybrid composites using various micromechanical models was conducted. The simultaneous incorporation of MWCNTs and glass fibers in PP restricted the mobility of polymer chains as indicated by the increase in storage modulus and rise in glass transition temperature obtained by dynamic mechanical analysis. The differential scanning calorimetry studies indicated that the inclusion of 2 wt% of MWCNTs increased the crystallinity of PP from 58.2 to 69.1% in hybrid composites. The Avrami and Mo models were used to explore nonisothermal crystallization kinetics, and Mo model was in close agreement with the experimental results. The sorption behavior of the composites revealed that the formation of immobilized regions developed by the simultaneous inclusion of micro and nano fillers delayed the transport of the solvent. J. VINYL ADDIT. TECHNOL., 25:E94–E107, 2019. © 2019 Society of Plastics Engineers

Cite this Research Publication

N. Rasana, Dr. Jayanarayanan K., Pavithra, R., Nandhini, G. R., Ramya, P., and Veeraraagavan, A. V., “Mechanical and Thermal Properties Modeling, Sorption Characteristics of Multiscale (Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes/Glass Fiber) Filler Reinforced Polypropylene Composites”, Journal of Vinyl and Additive Technology, vol. 25, pp. E94-E107, 2019.