In this paper, an approach to analyze the bone mineral density (BMD) based on microwave reflectivity is presented The proposed method enables us to overcome the health risks associated with diagnostic techniques such as X-rays for repeated study of the rate of mineralization in the case of fractures or de-mineralization in the case of osteoporosis. The proposed method is used to demonstrate the application of microwaves for continuous observation of skull healing process during post-cranial surgery period. The proposed technique can be a potential clinical model in future for extracting target characteristics such as bone deposition thickness and other cranial defects. Based on the conclusions of wideband measured data and signal processing techniques, we propose to design the Transceiver using ultra-wideband (UWB) pulsed technology.
R. Augustine, Dr. Dhanesh G. Kurup, Redzwan, S., Mathur, P., Raman, S., Lee, D., and Kim, K., “Microwave reflectivity analysis of bone mineral density using ultra wide band antenna”, Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 59, no. 1, 2017.