Conventional macroscopic jet theory relies heavily on experimental correlations which cannot be easily extended to the nanoscale regime. Moreover, the fluid dynamic effects at small length scales and their contribution to the development of nanoscale liquid structures are fundamentally different from their macroscopic counterparts. This coupled with the high spatial and temporal resolution requirements at nanoscale domains make molecular dynamics (MD) an excellent tool for studying such structures. In this study, the formation and breakup of nanojets (NJs) developing from high pressure into vacuum is investigated using MD based on non-Hamiltonian formulations. By ejecting the equilibrated argon atoms through various nozzle geometries and diameters, nanoscale jet flows were generated. The dependence of the jet structure on nozzle geometry and diameter is studied. The influence of geometry on NJ formation is also studied along with issues involved in the equilibration and thermostat coupling parameter. Various thermostats are compared to understand the role they play in MD simulations of liquid nanostructures. Tuning of the thermostat coupling parameter has also been discussed. The jet breakup phenomenon is analysed and a comparative study, vis-à-vis, well-established continuum and stochastic models, is attempted
Nandu Gopan and Sarith P. Sathian, “Molecular Dynamics Studies in Nanoscale Liquid Structures: Geometry and Thermal Effects on Nanojet Development”, Molecular Simulation, vol. 38, pp. 179-188, 2012.