In this paper the problem of permutation flow shop scheduling with the objectives of minimizing the makespan and total flow time of jobs is considered. A Pareto-ranking based multi-objective genetic algorithm, called a Pareto genetic algorithm (GA) with an archive of non-dominated solutions subjected to a local search (PGA-ALS) is proposed. The proposed algorithm makes use of the principle of non-dominated sorting, coupled with the use of a metric for crowding distance being used as a secondary criterion. This approach is intended to alleviate the problem of genetic drift in GA methodology. In addition, the proposed genetic algorithm maintains an archive of non-dominated solutions that are being updated and improved through the implementation of local search techniques at the end of every generation. A relative evaluation of the proposed genetic algorithm and the existing best multi-objective algorithms for flow shop scheduling is carried by considering the benchmark flow shop scheduling problems. The non-dominated sets obtained from each of the existing algorithms and the proposed PGA-ALS algorithm are compared, and subsequently combined to obtain a net non-dominated front. It is found that most of the solutions in the net non-dominated front are yielded by the proposed PGA-ALS.
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Ta Pasupathy, Rajendran, Ca, and Suresh, R. Kb, “A multi-objective genetic algorithm for scheduling in flow shops to minimize the makespan and total flow time of jobs”, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 27, pp. 804-815, 2006.