An efficient method based on Taguchi's design of experiment coupled with the grey relational analysis was studied, concentrating on the optimization of process parameters over surface roughness, cutting force and tool wear rate in milling of mild steel. This study consists of three stages: experimental work, single response optimization using Taguchi's S/N value and multi-response optimization using grey relational analysis. In the first stage, the experimental work was carried out using Taguchi's design of experiments. The effects of process parameters (spindle speed, feed rate and depth of cut) on surface roughness, cutting force and tool wear rate were investigated using analysis of variance. In the second stage, Taguchi's signal-to-noise ratio was used to optimize the responses. Finally, multi-response optimization was carried out using grey relational analysis. Additionally, the analysis of variance (ANOVA) was applied to determine the most significant factor for the optimal response for milling of mild steel. From the ANOVA table, the most significant factor is the spindle speed. This proposed method can be an effective approach to enhance the multi-response optimization for milling process.
T. Mohanraj, Shankar, S., and Thangarasu, S. K., “Multi-Response Milling Process Optimization using the Taguchi Method Coupled to Grey Relational Analysis”, Materials Testing, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 462-470, 2016.