<p>The present study highlights a low temperature process by which 1D stacked 3D microstructures of nickel sulfide comprised of nanospikes have been synthesized and assembled as cathodes for lithium chalcogenide batteries. These micro/nano-clusters were synthesized hydrothermally under different conditions. These clusters exhibited a surface area of 15 m2 g-1. The present study also provides the first reports on the electrochemical performance of these NiS microclusters as cathode materials in lithium fluoro-Tris- sulfonimide electrolyte for lithium ion batteries. A detailed study has been performed to elucidate how surface morphology and redox reaction behaviors underlying these electrodes impact the cyclic behavior and specific capacity. This electrode-electrolyte combination showed minimal dissolution of the electrode in the electrolyte which was confirmed by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy. From the electrochemical analysis performed an intrinsic correlation between the capacity, self-discharge property and the surface morphology has been deduced and explained on the basis of relative contributions from the redox reactions of nickel sulfide in lithium fluoro-Tris-sulfonimide electrolyte. A working model of lithium battery in a coin cell form is also shown exhibiting a specific capacity of 550 mAh g -1. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.</p>
T. S. Sonia, Anjali, P., Roshny, S., Lakshmi, V., Ranjusha, R., Subramanian, K. R. V., Nair, S. V., and Balakrishnan, A., “Nano/micro-hybrid NiS cathodes for lithium ion batteries”, Ceramics International, vol. 40, pp. 8351-8356, 2014.