Several minimally invasive procedures have been successfully used for removal of stones from the hepatobiliary system. We describe an innovative interventional radiologic procedure using rigid urologic instruments within the hepatobiliary system. Stones within the hepatic and bile ducts in a patient with recurrent pyogenic cholangitis were removed by a technique resembling percutaneous nephrolithotomy for renal stones. © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
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Sa Sukumar, Bhat, H. Sa, and Moorthy, Sb, “Nephroscope in the management of recurrent pyogenic cholangitis”, Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques, vol. 21, pp. e319-e321, 2011.