Wind energy is one of the major renewable energy sources which continue to be one of the fastest growing power generation sectors. For variable speed operation of wind energy conversion system, it is required to generate the maximum power at below the rated speed using an authentic and powerful control strategy. Wind speed has the major impact on the dynamics and control of wind turbines. But in practice there is no accurate measurement of effective wind speed available for direct measurement. In this paper a new technique is proposed for optimal power generation of wind turbine below rated speed without estimating the wind speed. An extended Kalman filter (EKF) is used to estimate the rotor speed and a proportional (P) controller is used to track the error between the measured and estimated rotor speed. The output of the P controller is the estimated aerodynamic torque. The estimated aerodynamic torque and the rotor speed act as an input to the aerodynamic torque feed-forward (ATF) controller. The output of the ATF controller is the generated torque. As the aerodynamic torque is highly dependent on the wind speed so it cannot be controlled. So we have to control the generated torque by using ATF for generating optimal power output. Finally the estimated outputs are validated through correlation analysis.
D. Jena and R. Saravanakumar, “Nonlinear estimation and control of wind turbine”, in IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Computing and Communication Technologies (CONECCT), 2013 , Bangalore, India, 2013.