Numerical investigations of steady, laminar premixed Syngas-air flames are presented in this paper. Three-dimensional simulations were performed to examine the impact of operating conditions on steady state characteristics of perforated burner flame. A detailed H2 CO reaction mechanism having 12 species and 38 reactions was used for combustion modelling. The three dimensional simulation results are validated against the 1D flat flame result using PREMIX. Effects of inlet velocity, fuel composition and equivalence ratio on flame stability were examined. A clearly identified recirculation zone was present above the top surface of the burner plate in the case of 50% H2-50% CO Syngas mixture. The strength recirculation zone was diminishing with the increase in percentage of hydrogen in the Syngas mixture, and the flame has stabilized closer to the top surface of the burner plate. The flame stand-off distance is found to decrease with increase in inlet velocity. Effect of increase in H2 fraction in Syngas has less effect on flame height at higher H2 fractions.
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E. J. Veetil, Rajith, C. V., and Dr. Ratna Kishore V., “Numerical simulations of steady perforated-plate stabilized Syngas air pre-mixed flames”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2016.