Publication Type:

Conference Paper


2016 International Conference on Robotics and Automation for Humanitarian Applications (RAHA), IEEE, Kollam, India (2016)



Arduino, Bio-inspired robotics, Biomimetics, Computer aided instruction, Computer architecture, control engineering computing, control engineering education, Data acquisition, Education, Educational robots, FOSS technology, Free and Open Source Software architecture, Laboratories, Low-cost laboratory education, online bio-robotics labs, open hardware models, open source, public domain software, Raspberry Pi, raspberry pi Arduino-based model architecture, Remote labs, remotely controlled lab, robot kinematics, robotic education technology, Servers, Software architecture, telecontrol


This paper is on free and open source software architecture (FOSS) for remote labs in order to address the affordability and scalability of robotic education technology for sustainable deployments. The proposed Raspberry Pi-Arduino-based model architecture ensures lower cost while allowing some scalability, interoperability, portability and interchangeability to the low-cost online laboratory. Remotely controlled lab provides training skills in bio-inspired robotics. Our previous studies had shown that the implementation of remotely controlled online labs in the curriculum improved active learning among students, collaboration, and augmented problem solving skills. The preliminary implementation involved proprietary software, as the remote experiment accessibility platform, which was later replaced with FOSS technology. The advantages with FOSS included a significantly lower cost and scalability for concurrent usage. The paper also reports on usage analysis and common issues in both cases of implementations.

Cite this Research Publication

Dhanush Kumar, Dr. Krishnashree Achuthan, Dr. Bipin G. Nair, and Dr. Shyam Diwakar, “Online bio-robotics labs: Open hardware models and architecture”, in 2016 International Conference on Robotics and Automation for Humanitarian Applications (RAHA), Kollam, India, 2016.