The increasing effect of illegal exploitation and imitation of digital images in the field of image processing has led to the urgent development in the growth of copyright protection methods. Digital watermarking has proved best in protecting illegal authentication of data. In this paper, we propose a hybrid digital image watermarking scheme based on computational intelligence paradigms like Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). The watermark image is embedded into the host image using Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT). During the extraction process, GA, and PSO are applied to improve the robustness, and fidelity of the watermarked image by evaluating the fitness function. The perceptual transparency and the robustness of the watermarked and the extracted images are evaluated by applying filtering attacks, additive noise, rotation, scaling and JPEG compression attacks to the watermarked image. From the simulation results the performance of the Particle Swarm Optimization technique is proved best based on the computed robustness and transparency measures along with the evaluated parameters like elapsed time, computation time and fitness value. The performance of proposed scheme was evaluated with a set of 50 textures images taken from online resources of Tampere University of Technology, Finland and the entire algorithm for different stages was simulated using MATLAB R2008b
P. Surekha and Sumathi, S., “An Optimization Approach to Digital Image Watermarking Based On GA and PSO”, International Journal of Digital Image Processing, , vol. 2, no. 9, 2010.