Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) transmission system is one of the recent and the most promising approach which is currently practiced for high-rate wireless communication. Here we discuss the fundamental capacity limits for transmission over multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels. These capacity limits highlight the potential spectral efficiency of MIMO channels, which grows approximately linearly with the number of antennas, assuming ideal propagation. In MIMO, many receiver algorithms have been used for the detection of the transmitted symbols. Intended for a rapid prototyping of MIMO, this paper discusses some of the algorithms used and they are compared based on complexity and BER performance for a 4×4 system. Out of the discussed algorithms, Maximum Likelihood (ML) is found to be the best in terms of BER but the complexity increases exponentially with increase in number of transmitters. A new algorithm called the Sphere decoding algorithm is proposed to gradually replace ML as it reduces the computational complexity while maintaining the same performance as that of ML. The algorithms are simulated in MATLAB and their BER performances are validated. © 2011 IEEE.
cited By (since 1996)0; Conference of org.apache.xalan.xsltc.dom.DOMAdapter@7f7363a0 ; Conference Date: org.apache.xalan.xsltc.dom.DOMAdapter@7091debe Through org.apache.xalan.xsltc.dom.DOMAdapter@78b6c5ae; Conference Code:85884
Ia Ammu and Deepa, Rb, “Performance analysis of decoding algorithms in multiple antenna systems”, in ICECT 2011 - 2011 3rd International Conference on Electronics Computer Technology, Kanyakumari, 2011, vol. 3, pp. 258-262.