Phytochemical and pharmacological activities of caesalpinia pulcherrima - An overview
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Volume 5, Number 1, p.6-13 (2013)
Keywords:abortifacient activity, alkaloid, analgesic activity, analgesic agent, antiinfective agent, antiinflammatory activity, antiinflammatory agent, antimicrobial activity, bark, Caesalpinia, Caesalpinia bounducella, Caesalpinia cacalaco, Caesalpinia californica, Caesalpinia ferrugineae, Caesalpinia gilliesii, Caesalpinia mexicana, Caesalpinia platyloba, Caesalpinia praecox, caesalpinia pulcherrima, Caesalpinia pulcherrima extract, Caesalpinia regia, Caesalpinia sappan, Caesalpinia spinosa, chronic disease, diterpenoid, drug activity, drug cytotoxicity, drug industry, drug research, fever, flavanoid, flower, glycoside, human, India, inflammation, malaria, neoplasm, nonhuman, phenol derivative, phytochemistry, plant extract, plant leaf, plant seed, review, tannin, ulcer, unclassified drug, wood
Caesalpinia pulcherrima is an ornamental medicinal plant which are widely distributed throughout India. The plant is a perennial shrub having varying medicinal properties, which are widely used for the treatment of inflammation,ulcers,fevers,tumors etc. They also have abortifacient property and are widely used in malarial fever and the leaves act as an antimicrobial agent. The present study was a review on the various medicinal properties of the plant and the studies supporting their significance in the treatment of chronic diseases in herbal medicine industry. The phytochemical screening of the plant clearly showed the presence of alkaloids,glycosides, phenolics, tannins and flavanoids. Lot of researches were done on each part of the plant and there is a need of studying the compound by isolating single compound and to further study its properties. Various works on the antimicrobial, analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity were carried out by different researchers since the constituents in the plant favour these activities. Cytotoxic activities were studied on the wood and bark of the plant and good results were obtained. Isolation works on the plant parts were also carried out by different researchers and of these glycosides isolated from the wood and cassane like diterpenoid isolation were prominent work on the plant glycosides The work aim to signify the importance of future study relating the properties of this ornamental plant which might become a boon for treatment of chronic conditions in humans.
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