Publication Type:

Journal Article


Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Springer Verlag, Volume 394, p.411-415 (2016)





Antennas, Artificial intelligence, Beam forming networks, Beamforming, Butler matrix, Crossover, Electrical length, Four-port devices, Fractal geometry, Fractals, Frequency ranges, Geometry, Matrix algebra, Micro-strip patch antennas, Microstrip antennas, Microstrip components, Microstrip devices, Sierpinski carpet, Slot antennas


In this paper, a simple planar design for a symmetric four-port crossover is presented. The proposed crossover is derived from a microstrip patch antenna with a set of two orthogonal feeds. Electrical length of the microstrip patch antenna is increased by incorporating slots achieving a frequency shift to the lower side. The slot in the patch antenna is derived from fractal geometry, which allows three stages of iteration. Isolation better than –15 dB and transmission 0 dB is observed in the frequency range of interest. The proposed crossover is a potential candidate for Butler matrix in beamforming applications. © Springer India 2016.


cited By 0; Conference of International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Evolutionary Computations in Engineering Systems, ICAIECES 2015 ; Conference Date: 22 April 2015 Through 23 April 2015; Conference Code:164469

Cite this Research Publication

M. Mehta, Naveen, K. A., Rajan, V., Pillai, R. R., Menon, S. K., M.A., B., S., D., and S.S., D., “Planar crossover using microstrip patch antenna for beamforming networks”, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 394, pp. 411-415, 2016.