Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Polymer, Volume 46, Number 7, p.2372 - 2380 (2005)

URL:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032386105000388

Keywords:

differential scanning calorimetry, Free volume, o-Ps lifetime

Abstract:

The blends of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT) and ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) with different composition have been studied by positron lifetime technique (PLT) and differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) measurements. The \{DSC\} results for the blends of 50/50 and 40/60 show clear two glass transition temperatures indicating two-phase system. No melting point depression was observed for the blend system, which strongly supports the incompatibility. From the positron results an increase in free volume hole size and its concentration has been observed with the increase in \{EPDM\} content of the blend which indicates further that there is coalescence of free volumes of \{EPDM\} with the \{PTT\} to some extent and phase separation behavior continues. Another interesting aspect is that the relative fractional free volume exhibits neither negative nor positive deviation from the log additivity rule. It agrees well with the log additivity rule. The interchain interaction parameter evaluated from these results show some complex behavior. \{XRD\} results show the decrease in crystallinity of the blend with the increase in fractional free volume with the increase in concentration of EPDM.

Cite this Research Publication

H. B. Ravikumar, Ranganathaiah, C., Kumaraswamy, G. N., and Thomas, S., “Positron annihilation and differential scanning calorimetric study of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)/EPDM blends”, Polymer, vol. 46, pp. 2372 - 2380, 2005.

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