Chitin and chitosan are novel biomaterials. The novel chitosan/gelatin membranes were prepared using the suspension of chitosan hydrogel mixed with gelatin. The prepared chitosan/gelatin membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), mechanical, swelling, and thermal studies. The morphology of these chitosan/gelatin membranes was found to be very smooth and homogeneous. The XRD studies showed that the chitosan/gelatin membranes have good compatibility and interaction between the chitosan and gelatin. The stress and elongation of chitosan/gelatin membranes on wet condition showed excellent when the mixture ratio of gelatin was 0.50. The prepared chitosan/gelatin membranes showed good swelling, mechanical and thermal properties. Cell adhesion studies were also carried out using human MG-63 osteoblast-like cells. The cells incubated with chitosan/gelatin membranes for 24h were capable of forming cell adhesion. Thus the prepared chitosan/gelatin membranes are bioactive and are suitable for cell adhesion suggesting that these membranes can be used for tissue-engineering applications. Therefore, these novel chitosan/gelatin membranes are useful for biomedical applications
H. Nagahama, Maeda, H., Kashiki, T., Dr. Jayakumar Rangasamy, Furuike, T., and Tamura, H., “Preparation and Characterization of Novel Chitosan/gelatin Membranes Using Chitosan Hydrogel”, Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 76, pp. 255 - 260, 2009.