Chitin is a natural biopolymer have been used for several biomedical applications due to its biodegradability and biocompatibility. By using the calcium solvent system, chitin regenerated hydrogel (RG) was prepared by using α-chitin. And also, the swelling hydrogel (SG) was prepared by using β-chitin with water. Then, both RG and SG were mixed with gelatin and N-acetyl-d-(+)-glucosamine (GlcNAc) at 120°C for 2h. The chitin/gelatin membranes with GlcNAc were also prepared by using RG and SG with GlcNAc. The prepared chitin/gelatin membranes with or without GlcNAc were characterized by mechanical, swelling, enzymatic degradation, thermal and growth of NIH/3T3 fibroblast cell studies. The stress and elongation of chitin/gelatin membrane with GlcNAc prepared from RG was showed higher than the chitin/gelatin membranes without GlcNAc. But, the chitin/gelatin membranes prepared from SG with GlcNAc was showed higher stress and elongation than the chitin/gelatin membranes without GlcNAc. It is due to the crosslinking effect of GlcNAc. The chitin/gelatin membranes prepared from SG showed higher swelling than the chitin/gelatin membranes prepared from RG. In contrast, the chitin/gelatin membranes prepared from RG showed higher degradation than the chitin/gelatin membranes prepared from SG. And also, these chitin/gelatin membranes are showing good growth of NIH/3T3 fibroblast cell. So these novel chitin/gelatin membranes are useful for tissue engineering applications.
H. Nagahama, Kashiki, T., Nwe, N., Dr. Jayakumar Rangasamy, Furuike, T., and Tamura, H., “Preparation of Biodegradable Chitin/gelatin Membranes with GlcNAc for Tissue Engineering Applications”, Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 73, pp. 456 - 463, 2008.