Nanoformulation of curcumin, (a low molecular weight hydrophobic drug) was prepared by using dextran sulphate and chitosan. The developed nanoparticles were characterized by Dynamic Light Scattering measurements (DLS), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA). The prepared system showed an average size of 200-220 nm with a zeta potential value of -30 mV and showed ∼74% drug entrapment efficiency. In vitro drug release studies showed a controlled and pH dependent curcumin release over a period of one week. The cytocompatibility of bare nanoparticles was verified by MTT assay; cellular internalisation of curcumin loaded nanoparticles was confirmed by fluorescent imaging and quantified spectrophotometrically, anticancer activity of curcumin loaded nanoparticles was proved by MTT assay and reconfirmed by apoptosis assay (FACS). The results showed preferential killing of cancer cells compared to normal cells by the curcumin-loaded nanoparticles. Thus the developed curcumin loaded nanoformulation could be a promising candidate in cancer therapy.
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A. Anitha, Deepagan, V. G., Rani, V. V. Divya, Menon, D., Shantikumar V. Nair, and Dr. Jayakumar Rangasamy, “Preparation, Characterization, in vitro drug Release and Biological Studies of Curcumin Loaded Dextran Sulphate-chitosan Nanoparticles”, Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 84, pp. 1158-1164, 2011.