Publication Type:

Journal Article


Carbohydrate Polymers, Volume 80, Number 3, p.833-838 (2010)



Acidic pH, Alkaline pH, Anti-HIV, Antiretroviral drugs, Body fluids, Carrier systems, Cationic groups, chitin, chitosan, Chitosan nanoparticles, Controlled delivery, Controlled drug delivery, Drug delivery applications, Drug nanoparticles, Drug-release rate, Emulsification, Emulsion method, encapsulation, Encapsulation efficiency, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, FTIR, Human immunodeficiency virus, Hydrogels, In-vitro, Lactic acid, lamivudine, MTT assays, Nanoparticles, Organic acids, Poly(lactic acid), Polylactic acids, Polymeric nanoparticles, scanning electron microscopy, SEM, Viruses


Poly(lactic acid) (PLA)/chitosan (CS) nanoparticles were prepared by emulsion method for anti-HIV drug delivery applications. The prepared PLA/CS nanoparticles were characterized using DLS, SEM, and FTIR. The hydrophilic antiretroviral drug Lamivudine was loaded into PLA/CS nanoparticles. The encapsulation efficiency and in-vitro drug release behaviour of drug loaded PLA/CS nanoparticles were studied using UV spectrophotometer. In addition, the cytotoxicity of the PLA/CS nanoparticles using MTT assay was also studied. The in-vitro drug release studies showed that drug release rate was lower in the acidic pH when compared to alkaline pH. This may due to repulsion between H+ ions and cationic groups present in the polymeric nanoparticles. Drug release rate was found to be higher in the 6% drug loaded formulation when compared to 3% drug loaded formulation. These results indicated that the PLA/CS nanoparticles are a promising carrier system for controlled delivery of anti-HIV drugs. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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Cite this Research Publication

Aa Dev, Binulal, N. Sa, Anitha, Aa, Nair, S. Va, Furuike, Tb, Tamura, Hb, and Jayakumar, Ra, “Preparation of poly(lactic acid)/chitosan nanoparticles for anti-HIV drug delivery applications”, Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 80, pp. 833-838, 2010.