BACKGROUND: Although morbidity following living liver donation is well characterized, there is sparse data regarding health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of donors. METHODS: HRQOL of 200 consecutive live liver donors from 2011-2014 performed at an Indian center were prospectively collected using the SF-36 version 2, 1 year after surgery. The effect of donor demographics, operative details, post-operative complications (Clavien-Dindo and 50-50 criteria), and recipient mortality on the quality-of-life (QOL) scoring was analyzed. RESULTS: Among 200 donors (female/male=141:59), 77 (38.5%) had complications (14.5%, 16.5%, 4.5%, and 3.5%, Clavien-Dindo grades I-IV, respectively). The physical composite score (PCS) of donors 1year after surgery was less than ideal (48.75±9.5) while the mental composite score (MCS) was good (53.37±6.16). Recipient death was the only factor that showed a statistically significant correlation with both PCS (p<0.001) and MCS (p=0.05). Age above 50 years (p<0.001), increasing body mass index (BMI) (p=0.026), and hospital stay more than 14 days (p=0.042) negatively affected the physical scores while emergency surgery (p<0.001) resulted in lower mental scores. Gender, postoperative complications, type of graft, or fulfillment of 50-50 criteria did not influence HRQOL. On asking the hypothetical question whether the donors would be willing to donate again, 99% reiterated there will be no change in their decision.
CONCLUSION: Recipient death, donation in emergency setting, age above 50, higher BMI, and prolonged hospital stay are factors that lead to impaired HRQOL following live liver donation. Despite this, 99% donors did not repent the decision to donate.
B. Chandran, Bharathan, V. Kumar, Mathew, J. Shaji, Amma, B. Sivasankar, Gopalakrishnan, U., Balakrishnan, D., Menon, R. Narayana, Dhar, P., Vayoth, S. Othiyil, and Surendran, S., “Quality of life of liver donors following donor hepatectomy.”, Indian Journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Indian society of Gastroenterology, 2017.