FIR filters are commonly used digital filters which find its major application in digital signal processing. In conventional FIR filter, the input vector form is delayed by one sample and then multiplied with filter coefficients which are subsequently accumulated by the adders. The drawbacks due to this are high device utilization and high power consumption. In order to compensate these drawbacks, we propose a reconfigurable FIR filter using radix-4 multiplier. The major changes in the proposed system are radix-4 multiplier for multiplication and change in the basic architecture of the FIR filter. In this method, we combine all the input tap values having similar co-efficient values and then multiplying those with the respective co-efficient. The proposed design is simulated and synthesized using Xilinx. The proposed method is compared with the existing FIR filter. From the results, it is observed that our proposed method has got better results by having less number of occupied slices and low power consumption. The power analysis report of a 8-tap FIR filter using the proposed approach consumes 60μW at 25MHz, 110μW at 50MHz, 170μW at 75MHz and 220μW at 100MHz compared with the existing approach which was implemented on Spartan-3E. Additionally, the proposed design was also tested for n-tap FIR filter implemented in Virtex-4 FPGA and compared with the existing technique, which shows that our approach minimizes the number of slices occupied by the design and reduces the power consumption. © 2005 - 2013 JATIT & LLS. All rights reserved.
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Sa Karthick, Valarmathy, Sa, and Prabhu E., “Reconfigurable fir filter with radix-4 array multiplier”, Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, vol. 57, pp. 326-336, 2013.