The invention provides metastable intermolecular composites that have good thermite properties while also being relatively insensitive to electrostatic discharge ignition. A preferred embodiment metastable intermolecular composite has a metal oxide nanostructure, which can be coated with an energetic polymer via a molecular linker or loaded with a gas generating polymer. Metal fuel nanoparticles coated with an energetic polymer via a molecular linker are closely associated with said metal oxide nanostructure. Methods of making metastable intermolecular composites are also provided by the invention.
S. Gangopadhyah, Dr. T. Rajagopalan, Bezmelnytsin, A., Apperson, S., and Gangopadhyay, K., “Reducing electrostatic discharge ignition sensitivity of MIC materials”, 2008.