High rate anodic dissolution of iron and nickel in 5 M NaCl was studied in a flow channel cell under controlled hydrodynamic conditions. Galvanostatic experiments were aimed at investigating the influence of current density and electrolyte flow rate on anode potential, current efficiency for metal dissolution and surface texture resulting from dissolution. Active dissolution at low current densities leads to surface etching and transpassive dissolution at high current densities leads to surface brightening. Transition from active to transpassive dissolution is mass transport controlled and is accompanied by a change in anode potential, surface microtexture and in case of iron by a change in the valence of metal dissolution.
Dr. Madhav Datta and Landolt, D., “On the role of mass transport in high rate dissolution of iron and nickel in ECM electrolytes—I. Chloride solutions”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 25, pp. 1255–1262, 1980.