Publication Type:

Journal Article


Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 134, Number 4 (2012)



boundary layer, Boundary layer thickness, channel flow, Circular cylinders, Complex flow structures, cylinder, Cylinder surface, experimental study, Field of views, flow pattern, Flow regimes, Flow-induced motion, fluid dynamics, free surface flow, Frequency measurements, Gradual modifications, Maximum amplitude, parameterization, Passive control, Reduced velocity, Respiratory mechanics, roughness, Suppression devices, turbulence, Turbulence controls, University of Michigan, velocity profile, vibration, Visualization, vortex flow


A passive control means to suppress flow-induced motions (FIM) of a rigid circular cylinder in the TrSL3, high-lift, flow regime is formulated and tested experimentally. The developed method uses passive turbulence control (PTC) consisting of selectively located roughness on the cylinder surface with thickness about equal to the boundary layer thickness. The map of "PTC-to-FIM," developed in previous work, revealed robust zones of weak suppression, strong suppression, hard galloping, and soft galloping. PTC has been used successfully to enhance FIM for hydrokinetic energy harnessing using the VIVACE Converter. PTC also revealed the potential to suppress FIM to various levels. The map is flow-direction dependent. In this paper, the "PTC-to-FIM" map is used to guide development of FIM suppression devices that are flow-direction independent and hardly affect cylinder geometry. Experiments are conducted in the Low Turbulence Free Surface Water Channel of the University of Michigan on a rigid, horizontal, circular cylinder, suspended on springs. Amplitude and frequency measurements and broad field-of-view visualization reveal complex flow structures and their relation to suppression. Several PTC designs are tested to understand the effect of PTC roughness, location, coverage, and configuration. Gradual modification of PTC parameters, leads to improved suppression and evolution of a design reducing the VIV synchronization range. Over a wide range of high reduced velocities, VIV is fully suppressed. The maximum amplitude occurring near the system's natural frequency is reduced by about 63% compared to the maximum amplitude of the smooth cylinder. © 2012 American Society of Mechanical Engineers.


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Cite this Research Publication

Ha Park, Bernitsas, M. Mab, and Kumar, Rbc Ajith, “Selective Roughness in the Boundary Layer to Suppress Flow-Induced Motions of Circular Cylinder at 30,000