Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune-neurodegenerative disorder managed therapeutically by modulating lymphocytes activity which has potential in disease management. Prohibitin 1(PHB) that controls the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and present on the activated lymphocytes have significance in the therapy of MS as esters of fumaric acid that regulates ROS is in phase II/III clinical trials. Thus, we evaluated the expression levels of PHB1 in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), the animal model of MS and on MS patient's lymphocytes. PHB levels in brain tissue of EAE animals were determined by immunoblotting and on blood lymphocytes from MS relapse, Remission, Optic Neuritis, Neurological controls and Healthy volunteers by FACS using anti-PHB and anti-CD45 antibodies. We observed significant elevation of PHB in EAE brains (91.0 ± 17.59%) vs controls (29.8 ± 12.9%) (p = 0.01) and on lymphocytes of MS patients in acute (73.5 ± 11.20%) or relapsing (69.3 ± 17.33%) phase compared to remission (45.9 ± 8.08%) [p = 0.034 acute vs remission; p = 0.004 relapse vs remission]. Up regulation of PHB in relapsing vs remission MS patients imply the potential use of PHB to clinically evaluate subclinical disease status towards prognosis of an oncoming relapse. Elevated PHB levels in EAE brains signify the role of PHB in regulating ROS and implies PHB's role in oxidative stress.
M. Kumaran Sa Kumar, Nair, S., Dr. Ullas Mony, Kalingavarman, S., Venkat, R., Sivanarayanan, T. Balakrishn, Unni, A. Kodakara K., Rajeshkannan, R., Anandakuttan, A., Radhakrishnan, S., and Krishnakumar N. Menon, “Significance of Elevated Prohibitin 1 levels in Multiple Sclerosis Patients Lymphocytes Towards the Assessment of Subclinical Disease Activity and its Role in the Central Nervous System Pathology of Disease.”, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 2017.