Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Volume 78, p.823 - 829 (2016)

URL:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0142061515005785

Keywords:

Load frequency control; Automatic voltage regulator; Multi source multi area; Proportional integral derivative controller; Simulated annealing; Ziegler Nichols

Abstract:

The article proposes optimal secondary controller for combined Load Frequency Control (LFC) and Automatic Voltage Regulation (AVR) of multi source multi area system using simulated annealing technique. When subjected to load disturbance, frequency, tie-line power and voltage fluctuations results higher oscillations. Speed governor of the system helps to match generation with the demand. But, fine tuning of frequency, tie-line power and voltage when subjected to load disturbance in multi source multi area system is achieved by secondary Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) controller. As a conventional benchmark \{PID\} controller is tuned using Zeigler Nichol’s (ZN) method and further optimized using Simulated Annealing (SA) technique. The performance of the system is validated and judged using performance indices.

Cite this Research Publication

Dr. Vijaya Chandrakala K. R. M. and Dr. Balamurugan S., “Simulated annealing based optimal frequency and terminal voltage control of multi source multi area system”, International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 78, pp. 823 - 829, 2016.

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